Barrett’s Esophagus is a chronic condition that impacts the esophagus, often resulting in heartburn, acid reflux, and related symptoms. In this article, we are going to focus on Barrett’s Esophagus – it’s causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options.
What is Barrett’s Esophagus?
Barrett’s esophagus results from the reflux of gastric acid and bile salts into the esophagus, and may be viewed as an adaptive response. In 1957, Norman Barrett, British thoracic surgeon, described the “lower esophagus lined by columnar epithelium.”
Barrett’s esophagus is now defined as “metaplastic change from squamous to columnar-lined epithelium (including the presence of goblet cells), visible endoscopically and confirmed histologically.”
The known risk factors for the presence of Barrett’s Esophagus include the following:
- Chronic (>5 years) GERD symptoms
- Advancing age (>50 years)
- Male gender
- Tobacco usage
- Central obesity
- Caucasian race
Alcohol consumption does not increase risk of Barrett's Esophagus. In fact, wine drinking may be a protective factor.
Diagnosing & Treating Barrett’s Esophagus
Diagnosing Barrett’s Esophagus begins with a physical examination. Your physician will also look at your medical history. Additional diagnostic testing may be required to solidify a diagnosis. Prevention of cancer in patients with Barrett’s Esophagus should include GERD therapy to treat symptoms & heal esophagitis if indicated.
Edina Gastro Doctors
Dr. Ahsan Bhatti is one of the most experienced gastro doctors in the state of Minnesota, having performed more than 40,000 advanced GI procedures over his two decades in private practice. At Bhatti GI, we help patients with all sorts of GI conditions and issues – from heartburn to colon cancer. Whatever your situation, Bhatti GI has the experience to effectively treat your gastrointestinal condition. Contact us today to set up your appointment with Dr. Bhatti. Our primary clinics are located in Edina and Chaska, but we treat patients throughout the Twin Cities Metro area.